Monthly Archives: December 2015

CIS 210 Assignment 3: Input Controls



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There are many kinds of input controls. Write a 4-5 page paper in which you:

  1. Explain the function of input controls.
  2. Identify four (4) types of input control and explain the function of each.
  3. Provide an example of a data integrity error that could occur if each of these types of input control were not in place.
  4. Explain the advantages and disadvantages of restricting user interfaces. (User interfaces can often be restricted, limiting the user’s ability to navigate to other areas of the system, or out of the system.)
  5. Design and build a graphical representation of a Web-based input for making a hotel reservation, using Visio or PowerPoint or an equivalent.
  6. Research and cite at least three (3) reputable academic sources.

 



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CIS 210 Case Study 2: Application ArchitectureCIS 210 Case Study 2: Application Architecture



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You have been tasked with building a payroll program for a large organization with offices spread across the United States. The company has one larger data center that each office connects to via a wide area network (WAN).

Write a 3-4 page paper in which you:

  1. Explain what type of architecture the new payroll application should use and why.
  2. Identify what types of technology will be involved in the architecture and explain the purpose of each technology.
  3. Create a graphical representation of your recommended architecture.
  4. Identify and describe any potential ethical issues that could arise in connection with the new

 



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CIS 210 Term Paper: Website Migration Project



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Tony’s Chips has recently been sold to a new independent company. The new company has hired you to manage a project that will move the old Website from an externally hosted solution to an internal one. The company’s leadership is very concerned about redundancy for their site, insisting that a back-up site be available as a failover in case the main site goes down. In addition, they want the site redesigned to allow customers to order products online.

As part of your job, you must complete a 10-to-15 page paper that follows this project through the system development life cycle (SDLC). This assignment will require you to do the following:

  1. Discuss what it will take to build a Web architecture, move an existing Website with minimal downtime, and provide a disaster recovery solution to ensure the site is always available.

a) The Web architecture should describe and justify operating system choices (i.e., Linux, Apache, MYSQL, PHP, Windows, IIS, SQL, etc.).

b) The chart should include a minimum of five (5) tasks, each with three (3) sub-tasks.

c) The use case should include a graphical representation using Visio or equivalent software and a text description of the events.

  1. Evaluate alternatives to the company self-hosting the site.
  2. Build a Gantt chart using Microsoft Project or equivalent software, showing all tasks associated with implementing the Website.
  1. Explain and justify the system architecture you have selected.
  2. Illustrate the system architecture using Visio or equivalent software.
  3. Create a use case that documents the event of a customer ordering a bag of chips from the new Website.
  1. Discuss the support operations that the internally hosted Website will require after implementation.
  2. Explain how you will evaluate the performance of the new site and the success of your project.


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ECO 550 Assignment 1: Demand Estimation



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Imagine that you work for the maker of a leading brand of low-calorie microwavable food that estimates the following demand equation for its product using data from 26 supermarkets around the country for the month of April.

For a refresher on independent and dependent variables, please go to Sophia’s Website and review the Independent and Dependent Variables tutorial, located at http://www.sophia.org/tutorials/independentand-dependent-variables–3.

Note: Your professor will provide you with the equation and data necessary for you to complete this assignment. You will find this information attached to Assignment 1 within the course shell.

Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you:

  1. Compute the elasticities for each independent variable. Note: Write down all of your calculations.
  2. Determine the implications for each of the computed elasticities for the business in terms of short term and long-term pricing strategies. Provide a rationale in which you cite your results.
  3. Recommend whether you believe that this firm should or should not cut its price to increase its market share. Provide support for your recommendation.
  4. Assume that all the factors affecting demand in this model remain the same, but that the price has changed. Further assume that the price changes are 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600 dollars.

a) Plot the demand curve for the firm.

b) Plot the corresponding supply curve on the same graph using the supply function Q = 5200 + 45P with the same prices.

c) Determine the equilibrium price and quantity.

d) Outline the significant factors that could cause changes in supply and demand for the product. Determine the primary manner in which both the short-term and the long-term changes in market conditions could impact the demand for, and the supply, of the product.

 

  1. Indicate the crucial factors that could cause rightward shifts and leftward shifts of the demand and supply curves.

 

 

  1. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia does not qualify as an academic resource.


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ECO 550 Assignment 2: Operations Decision



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Using the regression results and the other computations from Assignment 1, determine the market structure in which the low-calorie food company operates.

Use the Internet to research two (2) of the leading competitors in the low-calorie microwavable food industry, and take note of their pricing strategies, profitability, and their relationships within the industry (worldwide).

Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:

  1. Outline a plan that will assess the effectiveness of the market structure for the company’s operations.
  2. Suppose the business operations have now changed from the market structure specified in the scenario. Determine two (2) likely factors that might have caused the change. Predict the primary manner in which this change would likely impact business operations in the new market environment.
  3. Analyze the major short-run and long-run production and cost functions for the low-calorie microwaveable food company. Suggest substantive ways in which the low-calorie food company may use this information in order to make decisions in both the short-run and the long run.
  4. Determine the possible circumstances under which the company should discontinue operations. Suggest key actions that management should take in order to confront these circumstances. Provide a rationale for your response.
  5. Suggest one (1) pricing policy that will enable your low-calorie microwavable food company to maximize profits. Provide a rationale for your suggestion.
  1. Outline a plan, based on the information provided in the scenario, that the company could use in order to evaluate its financial performance. Consider all the key drivers of performance, such as company profit or loss for both the short term and long term, and the fundamental manner in which each factor influences managerial decisions.
  1. Recommend two (2) actions that the company could take in order to improve its profitability and deliver more value to its stakeholders. Outline, in brief, a plan to implement your recommendations.
  1. Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia does not qualify as an academic resource.

 

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

  • Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.
  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.


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ECO 550 Assignment 3: Long-Term Investment Decisions



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Assume that the low-calorie microwavable food company from Assignments 1 and 2 wants to expand and has to make some long-term capital budgeting decisions.

Use the Internet and Strayer databases to research government policies and regulation.

Write a six to eight (6-8) page paper in which you:

  1. Outline a plan that managers in the low-calorie microwaveable food company could follow when selecting pricing strategies for making their products as inelastic as possible. Provide a rationale for your response.
  2. Examine the major effects that government policies have on production and employment. Predict the potential effects that government policies could have on your company.
  3. Determine whether or not government regulation to ensure fairness in the low-calorie microwavable food industry is needed. Cite the major reasons for government involvement in a market economy. Provide two (2) examples of government involvement in a similar market economy to support your response.
  4. Examine the major complexities that would arise under expansion via capital projects. Propose key actions that the company could take in order to prevent or address these complexities.
  5. Suggest the substantive manner in which the company could create a convergence between the interests of stockholders and managers. Indicate the most likely impact to profitability of such a convergence. Provide two (2) examples of instances that support your response.
  1. Use at least five (5) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia does not qualify as an academic resource.

 

The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are:

  • Propose how differences in demand and elasticity lead managers to develop various pricing strategies.
  • Analyze the economic impact of contracting, governance and organizational form within organizations. Use technology and information resources to research issues in managerial economics and globalization.
  • Write clearly and concisely about managerial economics and globalization using proper writing mechanics.


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ECO 550 MID-Term Exam



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Chapter 1—Introduction and Goals of the Firm

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. The form of economics most relevant to managerial decision-making within the firm is:
  2. macroeconomics
  3. welfare economics
  4. free-enterprise economics
  5. microeconomics
  6. none of the above

 

  1. If one defines incremental cost as the change in total cost resulting from a decision, and incremental revenue as the change in total revenue resulting from a decision, any business decision is profitable if:
  2. it increases revenue more than costs or reduces costs more than revenue
  3. it decreases some costs more than it increases others (assuming revenues remain constant)
  4. it increases some revenues more than it decreases others (assuming costs remain constant)
  5. all of the above
  6. b and c only

 

 

  1. In the shareholder wealth maximization model, the value of a firm’s stock is equal to the present value of all expected future ____ discounted at the stockholders’ required rate of return.
  2. profits (cash flows)
  3. revenues
  4. outlays
  5. costs
  6. investments

 

  1. Which of the following statements concerning the shareholder wealth maximization model is (are) true?
  2. The timing of future profits is explicitly considered.
  3. The model provides a conceptual basis for evaluating differential levels of risk.
  4. The model is only valid for dividend-paying firms.
  5. a and b
  6. a, b, and c

 

  1. According to the profit-maximization goal, the firm should attempt to maximize short-run profits since there is too much uncertainty associated with long-run profits.
  2. true
  3. false

 

  1. According to the innovation theory of profit, above-normal profits are necessary to compensate the owners of the firm for the risk they assume when making their investments.
  2. true
  3. false

 

 

  1. According to the managerial efficiency theory of profit, above-normal profits can arise because of high-quality managerial skills.
  2. true
  3. false

 

  1. Which of the following (if any) is not a factor affecting the profit performance of firms:
  2. differential risk
  3. innovation
  4. managerial skills
  5. existence of monopoly power
  6. all of the above are factors

 

  1. Agency problems and costs are incurred whenever the owners of a firm delegate decision-making authority to management.
  2. true
  3. false

 

  1. Economic profit is defined as the difference between revenue and ____.
  2. explicit cost
  3. total economic cost
  4. implicit cost
  5. shareholder wealth
  6. none of the above

 

 

  1. Income tax payments are an example of ____.
  2. implicit costs
  3. explicit costs
  4. normal return on investment
  5. shareholder wealth
  6. none of the above

 

  1. Various executive compensation plans have been employed to motivate managers to make decisions that maximize shareholder wealth. These include:
  2. cash bonuses based on length of service with the firm
  3. bonuses for resisting hostile takeovers
  4. requiring officers to own stock in the company
  5. large corporate staffs
  6. a, b, and c only

 

  1. The common factors that give rise to all principal-agent problems include the
  2. unobservability of some manager-agent action
  3. presence of random disturbances in team production
  4. the greater number of agents relative to the number of principals
  5. a and b only
  6. none of the above

 

  1. The Saturn Corporation (once a division of GM) was permanently closed in 2009.  What went wrong with Saturn?
  2. Saturn’s cars sold at prices higher than rivals Honda or Toyota, so they could not sell many cars.
  3. Saturn sold cars below the prices of Honda or Toyota, earning a low 3% rate of return.
  4. Saturn found that young buyers of Saturn automobiles were very loyal to Saturn and GM.
  5. Saturn implemented a change management view that helped make first time Saturn purchasers trade up to Buick or Cadillac.
  6. all of the above

 

  1.  A Real Option Value is:
  2. An option that been deflated by the cost of living index makes it a “real” option.
  3. An opportunity cost of capital.
  4. An opportunity to implement a new cost savings or revenue expansion activity that arises from business plans that the managers adopt.
  5. An objective function and a decision rule that comes from it.
  6. Both a and b.

 

  1. Which of the following will increase (V0), the shareholder wealth maximization model of the firm:

V0∙(shares outstanding) = S¥t=1 (p t ) / (1+ke)t   + Real Option Value.

  1. Decrease the required rate of return (ke).
  2. Decrease the stream of profits (pt).
  3. Decrease the number of periods from ¥ to 10 periods.
  4. Decrease the real option value.
  5. All of the above.

 

  1. The primary objective of a for-profit firm is to ___________.
  2. maximize agency costs
  3. minimize average cost
  4. maximize total revenue
  5. set output where total revenue equals total cost

e maximize shareholder value

 

  1. Possible goals of Not-For-Profit (NFP) enterprises include all of the following EXCEPT:
  2. maximize total costs
  3. maximize output, subject to a breakeven constraint
  4. maximize the happiness of the administrators of the NFP enterprise
  5. maximize the utility of the contributors
  6. a. and c.

 

  1. The flat-screen plasma TVs are selling extremely well.  The originators of this technology are earning higher profits.  What theory of profit best reflects the performance of the plasma screen makers?
  2. risk-bearing theory of profit
  3. dynamic equilibrium theory of profit
  4. innovation theory of profit
  5. managerial efficiency theory of profit
  6. stochastic optimization theory of profit

 

  1.  To reduce Agency Problems, executive compensation should be designed to:
  2. create incentives so that managers act like owners of the firm.
  3. avoid making the executives own shares in the company.
  4. be an increasing function of the firm’s expenses.
  5. be an increasing function of the sales revenue received by the firm.
  6. all of the above

 

  1. Recently, the American Medical Association changed its recommendations on the frequency of pap-smear exams for women.  The new frequency recommendation was designed to address the family histories of the patients.  The optimal frequency should be where the marginal benefit of an additional pap-test: 
  2. equals zero.
  3. is greater than the marginal cost of the test
  4. is lower than the marginal cost of an additional test
  5. equals the marginal cost of the test
  6. both a and b.

 

 

Chapter 2—Fundamental Economic Concepts

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. A change in the level of an economic activity is desirable and should be undertaken as long as the marginal benefits exceed the ____.
  2. marginal returns
  3. total costs
  4. marginal costs
  5. average costs
  6. average benefits

 

 

  1. The level of an economic activity should be increased to the point where the ____ is zero.
  2. marginal cost
  3. average cost
  4. net marginal cost
  5. net marginal benefit
  6. none of the above

 

  1. The net present value of an investment represents
  2. an index of the desirability of the investment
  3. the expected contribution of that investment to the goal of shareholder wealth maximization
  4. the rate of return expected from the investment
  5. a and b only
  6. a and c only

 

  1. Generally, investors expect that projects with high expected net present values also will be projects with
  2. low risk
  3. high risk
  4. certain cash flows
  5. short lives
  6. none of the above

 

  1. An closest example of a risk-free security is
  2. General Motors bonds
  3. AT&T commercial paper
  4. U.S. Government Treasury bills
  5. San Francisco municipal bonds
  6. an I.O.U. that your cousin promises to pay you $100 in 3 months

 

  1. The standard deviation is appropriate to compare the risk between two investments only if
  2. the expected returns from the investments are approximately equal
  3. the investments have similar life spans
  4. objective estimates of each possible outcome is available
  5. the coefficient of variation is equal to 1.0
  6. none of the above

 

  1. The approximate probability of a value occurring that is greater than one standard deviation from the mean is approximately (assuming a normal distribution)
  2. 68.26%
  3. 2.28%
  4. 34%
  5. 15.87%
  6. none of the above

 

  1. Based on risk-return tradeoffs observable in the financial marketplace, which of the following securities would you expect to offer higher expected returns than corporate bonds?
  2. U.S. Government bonds
  3. municipal bonds
  4. common stock
  5. commercial paper
  6. none of the above

 

  1. The primary difference(s) between the standard deviation and the coefficient of variation as measures of risk are:
  2. the coefficient of variation is easier to compute
  3. the standard deviation is a measure of relative risk whereas the coefficient of variation is a measure of absolute risk
  4. the coefficient of variation is a measure of relative risk whereas the standard deviation is a measure of absolute risk
  5. the standard deviation is rarely used in practice whereas the coefficient of variation is widely used
  6. c and d

 

  1. The ____ is the ratio of ____ to the ____.
  2. standard deviation; covariance; expected value
  3. coefficient of variation; expected value; standard deviation
  4. correlation coefficient; standard deviation; expected value
  5. coefficient of variation; standard deviation; expected value
  6. none of the above

 

  1. Sources of positive net present value projects include
  2. buyer preferences for established brand names
  3. economies of large-scale production and distribution
  4. patent control of superior product designs or production techniques
  5. a and b only
  6. a, b, and c

 

  1. Receiving $100 at the end of the next three years is worth more to me than receiving $260 right now, when my required interest rate is 10%.
  2. True
  3. False

 

  1. The number of standard deviations z that a particular value of r is from the mean ȓ can be computed as z = (r – ȓ)/ s. Suppose that you work as a commission-only insurance agent earning $1,000 per week on average.  Suppose that your standard deviation of weekly earnings is $500.  What is the probability that you zero in a week?  Use the following brief z-table to help with this problem.

 

Z value Probability

-3 .0013

-2 .0228

-1 .1587

0 .5000

 

  1. 1.3% chance of earning nothing in a week
  2. 2.28% chance of earning nothing in a week
  3. 15.87% chance of earning nothing in a week
  4. 50% chance of earning nothing in a week
  5. none of the above

 

  1. Consider an investment with the following payoffs and probabilities:

State of the Economy Probability Return

Stability .50 1,000

Good Growth .50 2,000

Determine the expected return for this investment.

  1. 1,300
  2. 1,500
  3. 1,700
  4. 2,000
  5. 3,000

 

 

  1. Consider an investment with the following payoffs and probabilities:

State of the Economy Probability Return

GDP grows slowly .70 1,000

GDP grow fast .30 2,000

Let the expected value in this example be 1,300.  How do we find the standard deviation of the investment?

  1. s = Ö { (1000-1300)2 + (2000-1300)2 }
  2. s = Ö { (1000-1300) + (2000-1300) }
  3. s = Ö { (.5)(1000-1300)2 + (.5)(2000-1300)2 }
  4. s = Ö { (.7)(1000-1300) + (.3)(2000-1300) }
  5. s = Ö { (.7)(1000-1300)2 + (.3)(2000-1300)2 }

 

  1. An investment advisor plans a portfolio your 85 year old risk-averse grandmother.  Her portfolio currently consists of 60% bonds and 40% blue chip stocks.  This portfolio is estimated to have an expected return of 6% and with a standard deviation 12%.  What is the probability that she makes less than 0% in a year? [A portion of Appendix B1 is given below, where z = (x – m)/s , with m as the mean and s as the standard deviation.]
  2. 2.28%
  3. 6.68%
  4. 15.87%
  5. 30.85%
  6. 50%

Table B1 for Z

Z       Prob.

-3 .0013

-2.5 .0062

-2. .0228

-1.5 .0668

-1 .1587

-.5 ..3085

0 .5000

 

  1. Two investments have the following expected returns (net present values) and standard deviations:

PROJECT Expected Value Standard Deviation

Q $100,000 $20,000

X   $50,000 $16,000

Based on the Coefficient of Variation, where the C.V. is the standard deviation dividend by the expected value.

  1. All coefficients of variation are always the same.
  2. Project Q is riskier than Project X
  3. Project X is riskier than Project Q
  4. Both projects have the same relative risk profile
  5. There is not enough information to find the coefficient of variation.

 

PROBLEMS 

  1. Suppose that the firm’s cost function is given in the following schedule (where Q is the level of output):

 

Output Total

Q (units) Cost

0   7

1 25

2 37

3 45

4 50

5 53

6 58

7 66

8 78

9 96

10   124

 

Determine the (a) marginal cost and (b) average total cost schedules

 

  1. Complete the following table.

 

Total Marginal Average

Output Profit Profit Profit

 

0 -48             0 ______

1 -26   ______ ______

2 -8 ______ ______

3   6 ______ ______

4 16 ______ ______

5 22 ______ ______

6 24 ______ ______

7 22 ______ ______

8 16 ______ ______

9   6 ______ ______

10   -8 ______ ______

 

 

  1. A firm has decided to invest in a piece of land. Management has estimated that the land can be sold in 5 years for the following possible prices:

Price Probability

10,000 .20

15,000 .30

20,000 .40

25,000 .10

(a) Determine the expected selling price for the land.

(b) Determine the standard deviation of the possible sales prices.

(c) Determine the coefficient of variation.

Chapter 3—Demand Analysis

 

MULTIPLE CHOICE

 

  1. Suppose we estimate that the demand elasticity for fine leather jackets is  .7 at their current prices.  Then we know that:
  2. a 1% increase in price reduces quantity sold by .7%.
  3. no one wants to buy leather jackets.
  4. demand for leather jackets is elastic.
  5. a cut in the prices will increase total revenue.
  6. leather jackets are luxury items.

 

  1. If demand were inelastic, then we should immediately:
  2. cut the price.
  3. keep the price where it is.
  4. go to the Nobel Prize Committee to show we were the first to find an upward sloping demand curve.
  5. stop selling it since it is inelastic.
  6. raise the price.

 

  1. In this problem, demonstrate your knowledge of percentage rates of change of an entire demand function (HINT: %DQ = EP•%DP + EY•%DY).  You have found that the price elasticity of motor control devices at Allen-Bradley Corporation is -2, and that the income elasticity is a +1.5.  You have been asked to predict sales of these devices for one year into the future.  Economists from the Conference Board predict that income will be rising 3% over the next year, and AB’s management is planning to raise prices 2%.  You expect that the number of AB motor control devices sold in one year will:
  2. fall .5%.
  3. not change.
  4. rise 1%r.
  5. rise 2%.
  6. rise .5%.

 

4 A linear demand for lake front cabins on a nearby lake is estimated to be:  QD = 900,000 – 2P.  What is the point price elasticity for lake front cabins at a price of P = $300,000?   [HINT: Ep = (Q/P)(P/Q)]

  1. EP = -3.0
  2. EP = -2.0
  3. EP = -1.0
  4. EP = -0.5
  5. EP = 0

 

  1. Property taxes are the product of the tax rate (T) and the assessed value (V).  The total property tax collected in your city (P) is:  P = T•V.   If the value of properties rise 4% and if Mayor and City Council reduces the property the tax rate by 2%, what happens to the total amount of property tax collected?  [HINT:  the percentage rate of change of a product is approximately the sum of the percentage rates of change.} 
  2. It rises 6 %.
  3. It rises 4 %.
  4. It rises 3 %.
  5. It rises 2 %
  6. If falls 2%.

 

  1. Demand is given by QD = 620   10•P and supply is given by QS = 100 + 3•P.  What is the price and quantity when the market is in equilibrium?
  2. The price will be $30 and the quantity will be 132 units.
  3.   The price will be $11 and the quantity will be 122 units.
  4.   The price will be $40 and the quantity will be 220 units.
  5. The price will be $35 and the quantity will be 137 units
  6. The price will be $10 and the quantity will be 420 units.

 

  1. Which of the following would tend to make demand INELASTIC?
  2. the amount of time analyzed is quite long
  3. there are lots of substitutes available
  4. the product is highly durable
  5. the proportion of the budget spent on the item is very small
  6. no one really wants the product at all

 

  1. Which of the following best represents management’s objective(s) in utilizing demand analysis?
  2. it provides insights necessary for the effective manipulation of demand
  3. it helps to measure the efficiency of the use of company resources
  4. it aids in the forecasting of sales and revenues
  5. a and b
  6. a and c
  7. Identify the reasons why the quantity demanded of a product increases as the price of that product decreases.
  8. as the price declines, the real income of the consumer increases
  9. as the price of product A declines, it makes it more attractive than product B
  10. as the price declines, the consumer will always demand more on each successive price reduction.
  11. a and b
  12. a and c

 

  1. An increase in the quantity demanded could be caused by:
  2. an increase in the price of substitute goods
  3. a decrease in the price of complementary goods
  4. an increase in consumer income levels
  5. all of the above
  6. none of the above

 

  1. Iron ore is an example of a:
  2. durable good
  3. producers’ good
  4. nondurable good
  5. consumer good
  6. none of the above

 

Chapter 4—Estimating Demand

Chapter 5—Business and Economic Forecasting

Chapter 6—Managing Exports

Chapter 7—Production Economics

Chapter 8—Cost Analysis



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ECO 550 Week 1 Problems



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Chapter 1: Exercises 2, 3, and 6

 

  1. Explain several dimensions of the shareholder-principal conflict with manager-agents known as the principal-agent problem. To mitigate agency problems between senior executives and shareholders, should the compensation committee of the board devote more to executive salary and bonus (cash compensation) or more to long-term incentives? Why? What role does each type of pay play in motivating managers?

 

  1. Corporate profitability declined by 20 percent from 2008 to 2009. What performance percentage would you use to trigger executive bonuses for that year? Why? What issues would arise with hiring and retaining the best managers?

 

  1. In the context of the shareholder wealth-maximization model of a firm, what is the expected impact of each of the following events on the value of the firm? Explain why.

 

Chapter 2: Exercises 1, 5, and 6

 

  1.  For each of the determinants of demand in Equation 2.1, identify an example illustrating the effect on the demand for hybrid gasoline-electric vehicles such as the Toyota Prius. Then do the same for each of the determinants of supply in Equation 2.2. In each instance, would equilibrium market price increase or decrease? Consider substitutes such as plug-in hybrids, the Nissan Leaf and Chevy Volt, and complements such as gasoline and lithium ion laptop computer batteries.
  1. Two investments have the following expected returns (net present values) and standard deviation of returns:

 

PROJECT  EXPECTED RETURNS   STANDARD DEVIATION

 

A  $ 50,000  $ 40,000

B  $250,000   $125,000

 

  1. The manager of the aerospace division of General Aeronautics has estimated the price it can charge for providing satellite launch services to commercial firms. Her most optimistic estimate (a price not expected to be exceeded more than 10 percent of the time) is $2 million. Her most pessimistic estimate (a lower price than this one is not expected more than 10 percent of the time) is $1 million. The expected value estimate is $1.5 million. The price distribution is believed to be approximately normal.


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ACC 560 Week 3 Assignment 1 Activity-based Costing (ABC) in Service Industries



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Research a U.S. company in the service industry with e-commerce activities.

 

Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:

  1. Describe the company you researched in one to two (1-2) paragraphs.
  2. Discuss how a time driven ABC cost system can be implemented in the company you researched and the benefits that the use will yield to the business performance.
  3. Assess how using an ABC system can provide a competitive advantage to the company in the market space it operates and the resulting impact to the business performance.
  4. Examine the potential impact of time-driven ABC costing on services provided online with those provided through traditional channels, considering how this knowledge will impact decisions made by management about these services.
  5. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic resources.

 

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:

 Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

 Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.



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ACC 560 WK 9 Assignment 2 – Johnson Controls Capital Investments



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Visit the Website of Johnson Controls Inc., located at http://www.johnsoncontrols.com, and review its 2012 financial forecasts. According to the forecasts, Johnson Controls will increase Capital Investment to approximately $1.7 billion. More than 70% of the company’s capital expenditures in 2012 are associated with growth and margin expansion opportunities.
Write a five to six (5-6) page paper in which you:

  1. Suggest a methodology to supplement the traditional methods for evaluating the Capital Investment of Johnson Controls in the emerging markets reduce risk providing a rationale of how risk will be reduced.
  2. Assess the potential impact of inflation on planned capital investments in China and examine approaches for an accurate evaluation of the investments. Suggest how this knowledge may impact management’s decisions.
  3. Contrast the modifications you would make in evaluating the projects to increase internal capacity in North America to evaluating expansion projects in the global market and how this information will impact the decisions made related to expansion.
  4. Examine the benefits of using sensitivity analysis in evaluating the projects for Johnson Controls and how this approach can provide a competitive advantage for the company.
  5. Use at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other Websites do not quality as academic resources.

Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements:
· Be typed, double spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions.

  • Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length.


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