Monthly Archives: November 2015

SOC 305 Week 5 Final Paper



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Final Paper

Select and then define a significant issue faced by the justice system, describe the scope and consequences of the issue, and discuss society’s responses to the issue (including public policies and other less formal responses). Papers should also present a clearly reasoned alternative, supported by scholarly research.

While the following example can be modified to suit your needs, this outline is likely to result in a high-quality Final Paper:

  1. Title
  2. Abstract
  3. What is the problem? Be sure to narrow your problem enough to allow a focused examination.
  4. What are the individual and social implications of this problem? Discussion of implications should be supported by accurate research data.


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PSY 100 Assignment 2 Adjustment Case Study



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Go to NPR’s StoryCorps Website, located at http://www.npr.org/series/4516989/storycorps. Read two (2) articles that were published within the last two (2) months that focus on individuals with major adjustment issues.

Next, use the textbook and / or Strayer Library to research evidence-based strategies to help with adjustment. Consider strategies that relate to stress and coping, gender, stages of life, cultural and social issues, and health.

When referencing the selected stories, please use this format:

  • Standard Format:
    • Title of the story [Audio file].  (Year, Month Day). Retrieved from website url.
      • Example:

A homeless teen finds solace in a teacher and a recording [Audio file]. (2014, March 7).  Retrieved from http://www.npr.org/2014/03/07/286921391/a-homeless-teen-finds-solace-in-a-teacher-and-a-recording.

  • In-Text Citation Format:
    • The in-text citation for a selected story is an abbreviated version of the title and the year of publication. The abbreviation contains the first three words of the title.
      • Example:

(“A homeless teen,” 2014).

  • Textbook Citation Format:
    • Author’s Name. (Date of publication). Title of the resource. Publisher information.
      • Example:

Santrock, J. (2006). Human adjustment: 2007 custom edition. Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill.

Write a three to six (3-6) page paper in which you:

  1. Summarize the two (2) articles you selected from the NPR Website.
  2. Describe the major adjustment issues discussed in each story.


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POL 110 Assignment 1 – What Is Federalism?



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Write a three to four (3-4) page paper on American federalism in which you:

  1. Provide three (3) examples of how federalism has evolved from its origins to the American political system in place today.
  2. Examine three to five (3-5) factors that have allowed the concept of federalism to shape American political behavior.


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Williams Glassware has estimated, at various debt ratios, the expected earnings per share



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P12-21 (EPS and Optimal Debt Ratio) Williams Glassware has estimated, at various debt ratios, the expected earnings per share and the standard deviation of the earnings per share as shown in the following table.

Debt ratio Earnings per share (EPS) Standard deviation of EPS
0% $2.30 $1.15
20 3.00 1.80
40 3.50 2.80
60 3.95 3.95
80 3.80 5.53

a. Estimate the optimal debt ratio on the basis of the relationship between earnings per share and the debt ratio. You will probably find it helpful to graph the relationship.
b. Graph the relationship between the coefficient of variation and the debt ratio. Label the areas associated with business risk and financial risk.



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On January 1, 2008, Pele Company purchased the following two machines for use in its production process



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On January 1, 2008, Pele Company purchased the following two machines for use in its production process.

Machine A: The cash price of this machine was $38,000. Related expenditures included: sales tax $1,700, shipping costs $150, insurance during shipping $80, installation and testing costs $70, and $100 of oil and lubricants to be used with the machinery during its first year of operations. Pele estimates that the useful life of the machine is 5 years with a $5,000 salvage value remaining at the end of that time period. Assume that the straight-line method of depreciation is used.

Machine B: The recorded cost of this machine was $160,000. Pele estimates that the useful life of the machine is 4 years with a $10,000 salvage value remaining at the end of that time period.

Instructions
(a) Prepare the following for Machine A.
(1) The journal entry to record its purchase on January 1, 2008.
(2) The journal entry to record annual depreciation at December 31, 2008.
(b) Calculate the amount of depreciation expense that Pele should record for machine B each year of its useful life under the following assumptions.
(1) Pele uses the straight-line method of depreciation.
(2) Pele uses the declining-balance method. The rate used is twice the straight-line rate.
(3) Pele uses the units-of-activity method and estimates that the useful life of the machine is 125,000 units. Actual usage is as follows: 2008, 45,000 units; 2009, 35,000 units; 2010, 25,000 units; 2011, 20,000 units



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Crane Mechanics acquired 75 percent of Downey Enterprises on March 31, 2005, for $3,645,000



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Exercise 3-14 Crane Mechanics acquired 75 percent of Downey Enterprises on March 31, 2005, for $3,645,000.

Downey’s book value at that date totaled $4,000,000. Appraisal values were greater than book values for identifiable assets in the following amounts: Inventory ($300,000) and Plant and Equipment ($700,000). The purchase differential for Inventory is to be amortized over five months and Plant and Equipment over ten years. For the remainder of 2005 Downey reports $635,000 of income and pays $100,000 in dividends. The following balances exist for Crane at December 31, 2005, and Downey at March 31 and December 31, 2005.

Crain Downey_______
12/31 3/31 12/31
Cash $730,000 $175,000 $180,000
Inventory 1,950,000 260,000 340,000
Plant and Equipment 17,650,000 5,150,000 5,765,000
Accumulated Depreciation (4,655,000) (935,000) (1,250,000)
Investment in Downey 3,886,875
Expenses 6,400,000 1,000,000 4,265,000
Dividends 1,275,000 150,000 250,000
Total Debits $27,236,875 $5,800,000 $9,550,000
Liabilities $3,550,000 650,000 $500,000
Common Stock 350,000 100,000 100,000
Additional Paid-In Capital 2,650,000 850,000 850,000
Retained Earnings 9,720,000 2,800,000 2,800,000
Sales 10,650,000 1,400,000 5,300,000
Extraordinary Gain From
Acquisition of Downey 105,000
Investment Income 211,875
Total Credits $27,236,875 $5,800,000 $9,550,000

Required: Prepare the consolidation worksheet for Crain and Downey at December 31, 2005.



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Bell Company has stock outstanding as follows  



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Bell Company has stock outstanding as follows: Common, $10 par value per share, 140,000 shares; Preferred, 5%; $100 par value per share, 6,000 shares. The Preferred is cumulative and participating up to an additional 4% of par; two years are in arrears (not including the current year); and the total amount of cash dividends declared for both classes of stock is $190,000.

Instructions
Prepare the entry for the dividend declaration, separating the dividend into the common and preferred portions.



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Sometimes compensation packages include bonuses designed to provide performance incentives to employees



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P 13-5 Bonus compensation; algebra

Sometimes compensation packages include bonuses designed to provide performance incentives to employees. The difficulty a bonus can cause accountants is not an accounting problem, but a math problem. The complication is that the bonus formula sometimes specifies that the calculation of the bonus is based in part on the bonus itself. This occurs anytime the bonus is a percentage of income because expenses are components of income, and the bonus is an expense.

Regalia Fashions has an incentive compensation plan through which a division manager receives a bonus equal to 10% of the division’s net income. Division income in 2011 before the bonus and income tax was $150,000. The tax rate is 30%.



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HolmesWatson (HW) is considering what the effect would be of reporting its liabilities under IFRS rather than U.S. GAAP



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P 13-7 Various liabilities

HolmesWatson (HW) is considering what the effect would be of reporting its liabilities under IFRS rather than U.S. GAAP. The following facts apply:

a. HW is defending against a lawsuit and believes it is virtually certain to lose in court. If it loses the lawsuit, management estimates it will need to pay a range of damages that falls between $5,000,000 and $10,000,000, with each amount in that range equally likely.
b. HW is defending against another lawsuit that is identical to item (a), but the relevant losses will only occur far into the future. The present values of the endpoints of the range are $3,000,000 and $8,000,000, with the timing of cash flow somewhat uncertain. HW considers these effects of the time value of money to be material.
c. HW is defending against another lawsuit for which management believes HW has a slightly worse than 50/50 chance of losing in court. If it loses the lawsuit, management estimates HW will need to pay a range of damages that falls between $3,000,000 and $9,000,000, with each amount in that range equally likely.
d. HW has $10,000,000 of short-term debt that it intends to refinance on a long-term basis. Soon after the balance sheet date, but before issuance of the financial statements, HW obtained the financing necessary to refinance the debt.

Required:
1. For each item, indicate how treatment of the amount would differ between U.S. GAAP and IFRS.
2. Consider the total effect of items a–d. If HW’s goal is to show the lowest total liabilities, which set of standards, U.S. GAAP or IFRS, best helps it meet that goal?



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Lincoln Chemicals became involved in investigations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in regard to damages connected to waste disposal sites



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P 13-9 Subsequent events

Lincoln Chemicals became involved in investigations by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency in regard to damages connected to waste disposal sites. Below are four possibilities regarding the timing of (A) the alleged damage caused by Lincoln, (B) an investigation by the EPA, (C) the EPA assessment of penalties, and (D) ultimate settlement. In each case, assume that Lincoln is unaware of any problem until an investigation is begun. Also assume that once the EPA investigation begins, it is probable that a damage assessment will ensue and that once an assessment is made by the EPA, it is reasonably possible that a determinable amount will be paid by Lincoln.

Required:
For each case, decide whether (a) a loss should be accrued in the financial statements with an explanatory note, (b) a disclosure note only should be provided, or (c) no disclosure is necessary.



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